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Your weekly update of curated kubeflow news from across the web.
Digest #2019.12.02 – Machine Learning VS Minecraft
2 December 2019
Google pushing TPU with new TensorFlow release – TensorFlow 2.1 is here, welcome to the TPU push; that’s good news for many. We’ll also see improved performance on Linux and Windows and GPU support out-the-box. There are a few changes and issues to be aware of and if you’re using Python 2, TF 2.1 will be the last release you can work with. Check out the summary of changes here.
Machine Learning = Artificial Intelligence? – The article is an interesting read discussing whether machine learning = artificial intelligence. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence have a lot of overlap amongst them but they’re not exactly the same. MIT Professor Luis Perez-Breva argues that , “most of what is currently being branded as AI in the market and media is not AI at all, but rather just different versions of ML where the systems are being trained to do a specific, narrow task, using different approaches to ML, of which Deep Learning is currently the most popular.”
Machine Learning Books to Read– For all of us reading fans and bibliophiles interested in Machine Learning, check out this fancy list of machine learning books to read. We’ve personally read most of them and would highly recommend if you’re interested in exploring you ML chops a bit further.
Machine Learning takes on Minecraft – Minecraft vs Machine Learning, fun times! Machine Learning took on the popular game of Minecraft in an intensive gaming competition. The competition allowed coders to devise imitation learning strategies that will help machines win over human players. Imitation learning is the form of machine learning also found in autonomous driving. Check out the full article for an interesting read.
Robots Debating About AI – Check out robots making arguments for and against the dangers of Artificial Intelligence. The demonstration is by Project Debater, an IBM robot designed to hold arguments based on human input. The robots debated using arguments based on 1100 human submissions. The pro-AI side narrowly won the argument by 51.22% audience votes, fascinating!
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Kubeflow Talks at Kubecon San Diego 1/2
25 November 2019
Throwback to Kubecon last week where Kubeflow was the most talked about topic other than Kubernetes itself. It was great to see so much excitement around Kubeflow. For those of you who missed the event, or were too busy to catch these talks, or just couldn’t be everywhere exciting at once, below is a list of are recordings of Kubeflow talks from last week in San Diego.
AI for Biodiversity Research – Google, in collaboration with Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), iNaturalist, and Visipedia is making a push to bring AI to biodiversity research. While ML is prevalent in biodiversity research, proper attribution and oversight is a hit or miss. Google is hoping to bridge the gap and raise the academic bar. With the growing importance and awareness of fairness,ethics, and transparency, the innovative uses of machine learning for biodiversity stands to be a challenging, exciting and rewarding task.
A Beginners’ Guide to Machine Learning– This article serves as an interesting machine learning 101. The article breaks down machine learning into three types; classification, regression and unsupervised learning with examples in Python using the library scikit-learn. While there is a lot more to delve into, this is a quick intro to the ML world, or a nice refresher if you have been away for a while.
Polynote by Netflix – Improve notebook execution, code quality in an IDE environment, meet Netflix Polynote! Open-source software that empowers data science and machine learning; super exciting experiments lie ahead. “Plenty of exciting work lies ahead, we are very optimistic about the potential of Polynote, and we hope to learn from the community just as much as we hope they will find value from Polynote.” Check it out on their Github.
AI and Health – The article sheds light on an interesting perspective with the use of AI to improve life spans. Imagine the possibility of knowing our risk profiles when we are born, the types of diseases we could be prone to and preventive measures taken years in advance. However, this will be no easy feat by any means, it will require social inclusiveness, strict governance of AI and data and diversity across the spectrum of devices, code, and human forms. Nonetheless, the idea itself and the nascent research is an exciting take on how AI can improve our lives and make the world a better place.
Digest #2019.10.14 – The Ultimate Learning Machine
14 October 2019
The Ultimate Learning Machine – Babies… This article dives into how machines are trained and their motivation for learning compared to a human baby. Guess what… babies learn faster, require less data and have a power that machines don’t – curiosity! The AI lab at UC Berkeley is trying to innovate with AI to mimic a child’s curiosity and active learning. “AIs that are motivated by curiosity are more robust and resilient learners than those that are just motivated by immediate rewards.” The test program is cleverly called MESS, short for Model-Building, Exploratory, Social Learning System.
What’s your ML framework? – TensorFlow? PyTorch? Both? An interesting comparison between two of the most popular machine learning heavyweights. The article suggests PyTorch being more prevalent in research and TensorFlow dominating the industry side of Machine Learning. While the reality is not as black and white, the article with the visual data graphs is a good read.
PyTorch 1.3 is here! – And, named tensors, better mobile performance and quantization experiments are live! “The 1.3 release of PyTorch brings significant new features, including experimental support for mobile device deployment, eager mode quantization at 8-bit integer, and the ability to name tensors.” Check out the official announcement for all the exciting details.
Machine Learning for Autonomous Vehicles – Intriguing article about opensource machine learning for autonomous vehicles using Kubeflow. Interesting points on making vehicles autonomous, deep learning services, edge computing and training in the cloud. Ahh, hands-free driving, we’re getting there – fingers crossed!
Digest #2019.10.07 – Machine Learning in Space? Agriculture?
7 October 2019
How NASA uses Machine Learning – If you think the Earth is the only planet with Machine Learning you were wrong. The Mars Rover learning its path and environment at Mars? The healthcare needs for future astronauts? Planet exploration and discovery? Robotic astronaut!? All of these are questions NASA is experimenting and researching with Machine Learning. Check out the intriguing full article for details.
TensorFlow 2.0 is here! – For those of you who haven’t already heard, TensorFlow 2.0 is official! And, with TF 2.0 Keras is also official [Now the official high-level API for TensorFlow]. TensorFlow can now be run like Python code, yes, you can see the values of variables with print()! The APIs have been refined and there’s an upgrade script for a seamless transition from 1.x to 2.0. Oh, and did I mention backwards compatibility? Check out the official announcement for all exciting changes.
The benefits of AI and ML – With all the skepticism and fear of AI and ML, here’s a refreshing newspaper article that tells people not to be afraid. The robots aren’t coming for us. Not necessarily, not yet…
Agriculture as a tough Machine Learning problem – You know Machine Learning is legit when a centuries-old tractor manufacturer starts classifying(no pun intended) itself as a software company. John Deere Labs believes it is solving one of the toughest Machine Learning problems, classification of grains! The article explores the possibility of classifying good and bad grains of corn and making harvesting adjustments accordingly. There’s a lot of deep learning and classification challenges to solve that can revolutionize the harvest. How exciting!
Digest #2019.09.30 – Making the Most of Machine Learning
30 September 2019
Understanding Fairness in Machine Learning – This article is a great reminder and defense for the statement, “the data speaks for itself.” Biases in training models affect the results of analyses. It is essential to understand how our models make decisions to tackle this bias by adding more balanced training data. Knowledge of biases in our training models also help in adjusting our training loss function or adjusting prediction thresholds to account for the type of fairness we want to work towards.
Ways in which AI and ML are improving endpoint security – Take a look at the predicted billions of dollars that will be pouring in to improve cybersecurity. “Cloud platforms are enabling AI and machine learning-based endpoint security control applications to be more adaptive to the proliferating types of endpoints and corresponding threats.” The article sheds interesting light on how AI and ML can revolutionize the field of cybersecurity and improve endpoint security.
AI gears up for data analysis – The article explores how the use of Machine Learning and AI can help scientific research with the potential to improve data analyses speeds and accuracy of results dramatically. Machine learning can change scientific experiments, improve results, and significantly reduce production failures in different industries. “By looking at the long-term patterns [in the signals], you can actually spot imminent failures. One example could be a gradual increase in motor operating temperature, which may indicate that an actuation unit is on its way to overheating.” While investing in AI and ML and gathering data is resource-consuming, the returns and rewards prove to be well worth it.
Digest #2019.09.23 – Machine Learning is the word…
23 September 2019
MLOps, Rise of the Term: Most of us by now have heard this word frequenting around; MLOps, or Machine Learning Operations.. This is an interesting article on the rise of the term and the challenges actually faced by teams working cross-functionally and dealing with Machine Learning. It talks about the limitation of managed solutions for Machine Learning and hits close to home for Kubeflow. While working on Kubeflow and being in the community is exciting, we’ve only scratched the surface still have a long way to go. There’s also this funny info-graphic below about data scientists emailing Jupyter Notebooks to Developers for production – For real!
Artificial Intelligence to Improve Enterprise Storage?: This is an interesting article that explores the use of AI to improve storage operations in the enterprise. With data prevailing everywhere, petabytes and zettabytes of 0s and 1s, the lives of storage systems admins are becoming increasingly difficult. “When I’m trying to understand the IO pattern of an application or a workflow, one technique that I use is to capture the strace of the application, focusing on IO functions. For one recent application I examined, the strace output had more than 9,000,000 lines, of which a bit more than 8,000,000 lines were involved in IO. Trying to extract an IO pattern from more than 8,000,000 lines is a bit difficult.” – Jeff Layton, Nvidia Solutions Architect. Now, these tasks seem impossible for our brains but this where the mighty AI comes in. Machines champion taking large volumes of data and synthesizing it to useful chunks. Leveraging AI and ML can truly change the way we deal with, understand and use Enterprise storage.
Apple is Building ML to Rule Them All: With every tech giant and pretty much every other business getting in on Machine Learning, it’s established that ML is the next big thing in the industry. Apple is coming in heavy on Machine Learning with something called Overton. “Apple claims to have a first-of-its kind solution with Overton – it aims to enable much of the personalization of ML models to be administered by the machine, not the human.” In general terms they are creating a Machine Learning management system; the system itself learns from the environment, responds to external factors and heals and corrects the models automatically when needed. Privacy concerns aside, our Siri responses, animojis and pet portraits are going to get snazzy – among other things…
Digest #2019.09.16 – The State of AI and ML
16 September 2019
Machine Learning and AI in 2019: A recent survey conducted by Dresner Advisory Services shows Machine Learning and AI to rank as highest priority for enterprises. R&D, Marketing, Sales, Insurance, Fintech, Telco, Retail and Healthcare enterprise rank machine learning as their biggest bet and believe it is critical to their success. “2019 is a record year for enterprises’ interest in data science, AI, and machine learning features they perceive as the most needed to achieve their business strategies and goals.”
Using Machine Learning in health-tech: With humans becoming increasingly health conscious and risk-averse, we’re seeing a boom in health-tech. Machine Learning is staying on top of the game here as well; researchers at MIT have invented a cardiovascular risk identifier. With heart disease being the most common cause of death in the world, the system called ‘CardioRisk’ uses a patient’s raw electrocardiogram (ECG). Using Machine Learning techniques the ECG is analysed against datasets and the system produces a risk score that places the patient in a relative risk category. “The intersection of machine learning and healthcare is replete with combinations like this — a compelling computer science problem with potential real-world impact.”
How To Develop Successful Machine Learning Projects On A Budget – A quick journey through some of the principles for a successful AI getting started project. The article includes an example of how to go from nothing to something – from data pipeline creation to models in production. The primary focus is on a model for hiring and tools you could use, like Kubeflow. How much money will it take to get something off the ground? Read on ..
New homepage and improved collaboration features for AI Hub – Google’s AI Hub is powered by Kubeflow. This announcement discusses new features added to AI Hub. Although still in beta, AI Hub provides a view into how Kubeflow can be leveraged on prem. Do you have platform engineers building your corporate AI toolkit? Read this article to see what Google is doing. Advanced multi-user use cases, new machine learning taxonomy, asset favoriting, and public data sets or solutions – including a TensorRT-optimized BERT notebook from Nvidia.
Three pitfalls to avoid in machine learning – As scientists from myriad fields rush to perform algorithmic analyses, Google’s Patrick Riley calls for clear standards in research and reporting. Machine-learning tools can turn up fool’s gold — false positives, blind alleys and mistakes. Read this article to learn about three problems in machine-learning analyses that Google faced, and solved, in the Google Accelerated Science team.
Use case spotlight: Little Ripper deploys croc-spotting AI drones – A different take on how AI is saving lives. To help keep beachgoers safe from crocodiles 🐊 in the water and on land, the same AI drone technology that the Little Ripper Group used for its shark 🦈 detection drones is now being used to spot crocodiles in Queensland. In additino to spotting wildlife, this technology is used to help swimmers. Last summer, 51 drones were deployed around Australia to help spot rips and swimmers in distress.
Digest #2019.09.02 – The why of Kubeflow
2 September 2019
AI Tales: Building Machine learning pipeline using Kubeflow and Minio – Understand the Kubeflow value proposition in an entertaining format. The story starts with Joe, the neighbourhood Machine learning enthusiast. Joe reads a few things, becomes an expert, and then the real fun begins. He quickly runs into problems with portability, DevOps, scaling, performance, and cost. Enter Kubeman (or Kubeperson?), who personifies Kubeflow, and saves the day!
Basics of Data Science Product Management: The ML Workflow – Another look at the complicated space that Kubeflow helps solve. “Something I quickly learned was that managing ML products is difficult because of the complexities and uncertainties involved with the different steps in the machine learning workflow” – (1) Review of related literature; (2) Data gathering & processing; (3) Model training, experimentation, & evaluation; (4) Deployment
Hardware Science: Researchers demonstrate all-optical neural network for deep learning – In a key step toward making large-scale optical neural networks practical, researchers have demonstrated a first-of-its-kind multilayer all-optical artificial neural network. The next generation of artificial intelligence hardware will be much faster and exhibit lower power consumption compared to today’s computer-based artificial intelligence.
Hardware Science: Quantum computing should supercharge this machine-learning technique – Researchers from IBM and MIT show how an IBM quantum computer can accelerate a specific type of machine-learning task called feature matching. Feature matching is a technique that converts data into a mathematical representation that lends itself to machine-learning analysis. Using a quantum computer, it should be possible to perform this on a scale that was hitherto impossible.
Kubeflow for Poets – This article introduces the core concepts necessary to understand all of the moving pieces in a Kubeflow based machine learning Pipeline. It includes a brief introduction to microservices, Docker, Kubeflow, Kubernetes, virtualisation, Google cloud and more. Read this article for step-by-step low level interaction with every component in the toolchain, from dockerfiles to GKE.
TensorFlow 2.0 RC Available – Take advantage of the next wave of innovation for TensorFlow. The 2.0 release is a major milestone and brings a focus on ease of use and simplification. It comes with many features to support this focus – eager execution, tighter Keras integration, loadable TF-Hub models, end-to-end ML pipelines with TFX, and much more.
How AI Is Changing The Game For Recruiting – In this use case spotlight, we review how machine learning toolkits like Kubeflow and AI are changing the recruiting industry. Talent acquisition is expensive, and getting it wrong is more expensive. AI can helping improve talent acquisition efficiency and effectiveness. From finding the right candidates to creating and delivering the right message to those candidates, read this article to discover more.